Object Record

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Catalog Number 00046
Object Name Flag
Description A. FLAG:
Flag of the 31st Iowa Infantry Regiment patterned after a U.S. national. 1 layer. Cloth, metal, fiber & pigment. Machine and hand sewn. Company flag. Object No: 46, tagged only

HISTORY:
The 31st Iowa Infantry was raised in the area stretching from Iowa City to Cedar Rapids, Anamosa, and Waterloo, and was mustered together in October of 1862. The 31st participated in many important military events including the Atlanta campaign, Sherman's March to the Sea, and the capture of Columbia. When the regiment returned to Davenport, its ranks had been reduced from 1,177 to only 370. The canton contains 33 stars representing each of the states with most of the forming two circles around a larger star in the center. Printed on the large star is the inscription: "Presented by the Ladies of Anamosa." Every original member of Company E was from Anamosa, and a group of ladies sewed a national flag for them. The names of the ladies are printed in the smaller stars. The names are Mrs. M. Parrott, Emma, Laura, Ann Eliza, Addie, Emma, Julia, Mrs. C. Tice, Alice, Mant., Marcia, Lizzie, Mrs. M.A. Fisher, Mrs. C.T. Lamson, and Mrs. A. Scroggs. Nearly sixty years later, these ladies were more completely identified as Mrs. Allan Scroggs, Mrs. Matt Parrott, Mrs. Israel Fisher, Mrs. C.T. Lamson, Mrs. B.C. Tice, Ann Eliza Izbell, Emma Crane, Julia Booth, Addie Izbell, Laura Shaw, Alice Crane, Samantha Scroggs, Marcia Crane, Lizzie Goodwin, and Emma Izbell. Before the regiment left Davenport in October of 1862, the company assembled in front of Fisher House, later known as Hotel Gillen, and the flag was presented to Company E by Miss Emma Crane. The flag was usually unfurled at company headquarters while in camp. The flag was given to the Historical Department in 1921 by company member Richard McDaniel, who had kept the flag in his possession for nearly 60 years.
Total enrollment-1,177
Killed -13
Wounded-86
Died of wounds-16
Died of disease-263
Discharged-209
Captured-13
Buried in national cemeteries-95
Transferred-72

SOURCES:
Ingersoll, Lurton Denham. Iowa and the Rebellion. Philadelphia. Lippincott, 1866.
Logan, Guy E. Roster and Record of Iowa Troops in the Rebellion. Volume 3. Des Moines, Iowa. State of Iowa, 1910.
Lyftogt, Kenneth L. From Blue Mills to Columbia: Cedar Falls and the Civil War. Ames, Iowa. Iowa State University Press, 1993.

Accessory information located in the Notes section.

Makers: Mrs. Allen Scroggs, Mrs. Matt Parrott, Mrs. Israell, Emma Crane, Mrs. C. T. Lamson, Mrs. D.C. Tice, Ann Eliza Isbell, Emma Crane, Julia Booth, Addie Isbell, Laura Shaw, Alice Crane, Samantha Scroggs, Marcia Crane, Lizzie Godwin, Emma Isbell. Object file has research on each of these women.
Source McDaniel, Lt. Richard
Received Date 01/01/1924
Collection Iowa Battle Flag Project
Search Terms Civil War
31st Iowa Infantry
Battle of Chickasaw Bayou
Battle of Arkansas Post
Battle of Lookout Mountain
Battle of Missionary Ridge
Battle of Resaca
Battle of Ringgold
Battle of Dallas
Battle of New Hope Church
Battle of Big Shanty
Battle of Nickajack Creek
Battle of Atlanta
Battla of Ezra Church
Sherman's March to the Sea
Battle of Bentonsville