Object Record

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Catalog Number 00045
Object Name Flag
Description A. FLAG:
U. S. National flag used by 17th Army Corps, Headquarters. Oversized. 1 layer. Machine sewn. Cloth. Edge has several markings: (cotton to top) "C. CADIE JR.", "C. CADLER, JR/A.A.C.", AND "17TH ARMY CORPS". There is a manufacturer's makr also "LONGLEY & BROS./FLAG MANUFACTUERS/ WALNUT ST., CIN?" accompanied by an unreadable stamp.

HISTORY:
The 17th Army Corps organization was the result of General Order 210, A.G.O. on December 18,1862. A corps generally averaged 36,000 men at full strength and was usually commanded by a major general. Through 1863, the main service of the 17th Army Corps was in the lower Mississippi River Valley region with its central purpose to assist General Grant's operations to seize Vicksburg, split the Confederacy and gain military control of the entire Mississippi River and surrounding region. The hoist of the flag indicates a manufacturing company, Longley and Brothers Manufacturing. Longley and Brothers was located on Walnut Street in Cincinnatti, Ohio.There are several inscription bearing the words " C.Cadle, Jr. or C Cadle Jr. This is a reference to Cornelius Cadle Jr. of Muscatine. Cale had enlisted as a first lieutenant and adjutant in Company H, 11th Iowa Infantry in November, 1861, and was promoted to captain and assistant adhytant general in May, 1863. In July, he was mustered out to acceppt an appointment as captain and assistant adhytant general on General Crocker's Staff. By late 1864, Cadle was serving as assistant adjutant general of the 17th Army Corps under General Blair. After the war, Cadle brought the flag home, in 1921 Cadle's nephew, Cornelius Cadle, donated the flag to the State Historical Society. Given by Charles Cadle through son Cornelius Cadle of Muscatine, Iowa in 1921.

SOURCES:
Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War the Rebellion. Des Moines, Iowa. Dyer Publishing Company, 1908.
McPerson, James M. Battle Cry of Freedom. Oxford University Press, 1988.
Official Records of the Adjutant General of Iowa, 1861-1865. Des Moines, Iowa.
Smith, Giles A. Official Records of the Adjutant General of Des Moines, Iowa.
Fox, William F. Regimental Losses of the American Civil War, 1861-1865. Albany, New York. Albany Publishing Company, 1889.

Accessory information located in the Notes section.
Source Cadle, Charles
Received Date 01/01/1921
Collection Iowa Battle Flag Project
Search Terms Civil War
17th Army Corps
Longley & Bros.
Battle of Jackson
Battle of Champion Hill
Assault on Vicksburg
Siege of Vicksburg
Siege of Jackson
Battle of Missionary Ridge
Sherman's March to the Sea
Battle of Big Shanty
Battle of Kenesaw Mountain
Battle of Nickajack Creek
Battle of Atlanta